ADR stand for "Automated" or "Automatic" Dialog Replacement.
Dialog that cannot be salvaged from production
tracks must be
Looping originally involved recording
an actor who spoke lines in
An actor watches the image repeatedly while listening to the original production track on headphones as a guide. The actor then re-performs each line to match the wording and lip movements. Actors vary in their ability to achieve sync and to recapture the emotional tone of their performance.
Marion Brando likes to loop because he
doesn't like to
ADR is usually considered a necessary evil but there are moments when looping can be used not just for technical reasons but to add new character or interpretation to a shot. Just by altering a few key words or phrases an actor can change the emotional bent on a scene.
Edited excerpts Sync tanks
“Meryl Streep loves ADR. She is one of those actors who can see exactly what it’s for and understands what it can do for her performance – She doesn’t make a meal out of it and just gets on with it rather, than as some others do, go on about why the sound person has’nt done his job properly”
Music Editor Tony Lewis page 32 in Bennet,Stephen "Mamma Mia" Audiomedia Sept 2008
Replacement in King Kong
One of the things you do with ADR to make it sound more like production sound is to pitch it up. ADR is almost always delivered at a lower pitch because the actor doesn't have the energy he/she had on the set. In the excitement of the shooting set the actor tends to talk louder and higher. In an ADR session, the director typically has to push the actor to get them anywhere near the level of vocal performance that came from the set.
If the recording of ADR were treated more like shooting the movie it would almost certainly be better. Recording it in more authentic environments (instead of studios) tends to help the actors' performance enormously. Environmental noise is a problem whenever you record outside of a studio, but well worth the trade-off in my opinion
Edited excerpts from Cinema & the Sound of Music
Ambience pertains to the pervading atmosphere of a place. (Often more of a psychological, rather than technical description)
Ambience is widely used as a synonym for ambient sound. Ambient sound consists of noises present i the environment.
In film and video sound production term Ambience usually means the background sound accompanying a scene.
Ambience is used for background sounds..
Ambience helps establish the scene and
works editorially to support the picture editing by, for example, staying
constant across a picture cut to indicate to the audience that no change
of space has occurred, but rather only a simple picture edit. Conversely,
if ambience changes abruptly at a picture cut, an indication is made
to listener that the scene also has changed.
If you want to study the examples mention above you can buy the films at Internet stores as Amazon.com
|Star Wars Sounds||Film Sound Clichés||Film Sound History||Movie Sound Articles||Bibliography|
|Questions & Answers||Game Audio||Animation Sound||Glossaries||Randy Thom Articles|
|Walter Murch Articles||Foley Artistry||Sci-Fi Film Sound||Film Music||Home Theatre Sound|
|Theoretical Texts||Sound Effects Libraries||Miscellaneous|